Nano Science is a technology conducted at the Nano scale. It is the applications and study related to extremely small things that can be used around all the other fields of science, like chemistry, biology, physics, engineering and Materials sciences. These particles have the ability to control individual atoms and molecules. Nanotechnology has a huge potential to provide technological solutions to many problems in science, energy, physics, environmental and medical fields. Energy production and distribution
- Nano devices and sensors
- Food industry for enhancement of shelf life
- Polymer Nanocomposites
- Automobile industry
Nano Medicine the application of technology to do everything from drug delivery to repairing of cells. It is the application of tiny machines to the treatment and prevention of disease. Nano robots are advancements in Nano medicine as miniature surgeons. These machines help repair damaged cells they replicate themselves, correct genetic deficiencies by replacing or altering DNA molecules. For example artificial antibodies, antiviral, Nano robots, artificial white and red Blood cells. These Nano machines could affect the behaviour of individual cells. Hormones or Dispense drugs as needed in people with deficiency states or chronic imbalance can be solved using implanted Nanotechnology devices.
- Body Implants and Prosthesis
- Stem Cell Regeneration
- Biological imaging for medical diagnostics
- Molecular engineering
- Tissue Engineering and Organ Transplantation
- Nano surfaces and Interactions
Nano electronics holds few answers for how we might increase the capabilities of electronics devices when we reduce their weight and power consumption. Nano electronics and technology are widely used in all aspects of modern life. Life Safety, Healthcare, Transportation, Computing, Energy and Telecommunications are some of the major fields benefiting from the growth of Nano electronic applications.
- Nanomaterials Electronics
- Flexible Electronic circuits
- Molecular Electronics
The association of nanoparticles in a thin film shape is regularly important to render these utilitarian and operational. Two critical synthetic strategies. One is high-temperature warm disintegration and second is fluid interface response, reasonable for planning movies of numerous metal and metal oxide nanoparticles. Moreover, the use of a high-vitality ball processing and start plasma sintering process for the arrangement and preparing of nano composite powders into mass magnets are additionally highlighted.
- Applications of Nano materials and Devices
- Size Dependence of Properties
- Shape-Controlled Synthesis
- Characterization and Optical Properties of Silver Nanostructures
- Nanostructured Materials
- Microscopy and Spectroscopic Methods of Measurement at the Nanoscale
- Nano Particles
- Nanomaterials Manufacturing Technologies
Nanotechnology is the science which deals with the processes that occur at molecular level and of nanolength scale size. The major studies in the nanotechnology include nanosized particles, their function and behaviour with respect to other systems. The tremendous capabilities of nanoparticles have changed the perspective and scope of nanotechnology towards development into an adjuvant field for the remaining fields of life sciences. Nanotechnology is the ability to understand and control materials at the very smallest scales, from around 100 nm to the dimensions of single atoms; At this Nano scale the properties of these nanosized particles are vary from the con Synthesis of Nanoparticles for Drug Delivery
- Drug Targeting
- Drug Delivery Research
- Novel Drug Delivery Systems
- Challenges and advances in Nano Pharmaceuticals
- NanoPharmaceuticals from the bench to Scale up
- Future aspects of Nano Pharmaceuticalsventional medicines.
The interdisciplinary field of materials science, also commonly termed materials science and engineering, involves the discovery and design of new materials, with an emphasis on solids. The intellectual origins of materials science stem from the Enlightenment, when researchers began to use analytical thinking from chemistry, physics, and engineering to understand ancient, phenomenological observations in metallurgy and mineralogy. Materials science still incorporates elements of physics, chemistry, and engineering. As such, the field was long considered by academic institutions as a sub-field of these related fields. Beginning in the 1940s, materials science began to be more widely recognized as a specific and distinct field of science and engineering, and major technical universities around the world created dedicated schools of the study. Materials science is a syncretic discipline hybridizing metallurgy, ceramics, solid-state physics, and chemistry. It is the first example of a new academic discipline emerging by fusion rather than fission.
- Engineering applications of material
- Materials Physics and Chemistry
- Novel Materials,Multifunctional Materials
- Quantum Materials
- Polymeric biomaterials
Nanotechnology refers to a broad range of tools, techniques and applications that simply involve particles on the approximate size scale of a few to hundreds of nanometers in diameter. Particles of this size have some unique physicochemical and surface properties that lend themselves to novel uses. Indeed, advocates of nanotechnology suggest that this area of research could contribute to solutions for some of the major problems we face on the global scale such as ensuring a supply of safe drinking water for a growing population, as well as addressing issues in medicine, energy.
- Nanomaterials and water filtration
- Bioactive nanoparticles for water disinfections
- Self-assembled monolayer on mesoporous supports (SAMMS)
- Bimetallic iron nanoparticlesand agriculture.
Smart Materials are mixture materials that are made out of divergent stages which essentially change if any external properties are applied, for example, temperature, stress, attractive or electric fields. Keen Materials are mixes of in any event two distinct materials, which permit the designing of wanted properties. Appropriate demonstrating, reenactment and control help in coordinated framework structure of shrewd materials. Piezoelectric and Ferroelectric materials produce electric flow when they are set under mechanical pressure. Because of their quick electromechanical reaction and their low power necessity, piezoelectric materials are broadly utilized in the basic control applications. Electroluminescent materials are semiconductors which permit exit of the light through it. Shape-memory amalgams can come back to their unique shape when warmed from the disfigured shape.
- Composite Materials
- Materials Theory
- ElectroChemical Materials
- Complex Materials
- Electroluminescent materials
- Multifunctional Ferroic Materials
- Piezoelectric and ferroelectric materials
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are allotropes of carbon with a cylindrical nanostructure. These cylindrical carbon molecules have unusual properties, which are valuable for nanotechnology, electronics, optics and other fields of materials science and technology. Owing to the material's exceptional strength and stiffness, nanotubes have been constructed with length-to-diameter ratio of up to 132,000,000:1, significantly larger than for any other material. In addition, owing to their extraordinary thermal conductivity, mechanical, and electrical properties, carbon nanotubes find applications as additives to various structural materials. For instance, nanotubes form a tiny portion of the material(s) in some (primarily carbon fibre) baseball bats, golf clubs, car parts or Damascus steel.
- Graphene and 2D materials
- Carbon nanotube chemistry
- Types of carbon nanotubes and related structures
- Solid-state formation of carbon nanotubes
- C60 and carbon nanotube sensors
- Carbon nanotechnology to Bio nanotechnology
Various geophysical and social weights are changing a move from fossil energizes to renewable and manageable vitality sources. To impact this progression, we should make the materials that will bolster developing vitality advancements.
- Energy and environment relevant nanotechnology
- Nanotechnology for electrochemical conversion and energy storage
- Nanotechnology for hydrogen production and storage
- Nanotechnology for photocatalysis and environmental catalysis
Bionanotechnology is the term that refers to the juncture of nanotechnology and biology. This discipline aids to indicate the fusion of biological research with several fields of nanotechnology. Concepts that are improved through nanobiology are comprises with Nano scale, Nano devices, and nanoparticles phenomena that occurs within the discipline of nanotechnology.
- Bioluminescent magnetic nanoparticles
- Surface modified polystyrene nanoparticles
- Nano systems
- Disease diagnosis
Nanostructured Materials for Biomedical Applications serves as a unique source for the rapidly growing biomaterials community on topics at the interface of biomaterials and nanotechnology. The book covers an extensive range of topics related to the processing, characterization, modelling, and applications of nanostructured medical device materials and biological materials.
- Biomedical Applications and Translational Aspects of Nanomaterials
- Classes of Nanostructured Biomaterials
- Types of Nanostructured Biomaterials
- Hierarchical Organisation in Biological Systems
Nanotoxicology is the combinational study of the toxicity of nanomaterials. Due to quantum size effects and large surface area to volume ratio, nanomaterials have distinct properties compared with their larger counterparts. Nanotoxicology is a branch of bionanoscience which includes the study and application of toxicity of nanomaterials. Nanomaterials, even when prepared of inert elements like gold, become highly active at nanometer dimensions. Nanotoxicological studies are planned to determine whether and to what level these properties may pose a risk to the environment and to human beings. For example, Diesel nanoparticles have been studied to harm the cardiovascular system in a mouse model.
- Toxicity of Nanomaterials
- Complications with Nanotoxicity Studies
Nano photonics is where photonics merges with Nano science and nanotechnology, and where spatial confinement considerably modifies light propagation and light-matter interaction.
- Optoelectronics and Microelectronics
- Amplifiers and Isolator
- Electro-optic Modulators
- Solar Cells
Molecular Nanotechnology is a technological revolution which seeks nothing less than perfectibility. Molecular manufacturing technology can be clean and self-contained. Molecular Nano manufacturing will slowly transform our connection towards matter and molecules as clear as the computer changed our relationship to information and bits. It will help accurate, inexpensive control of the structure of matter.
- Molecular Electronics
- Molecular Manufacturing
- Microelectromechanical Devices
- Molecular Electronics
- Medical nanorobots
- Utility fog
- Phased-array optics
Nanotechnology is a powerful tool for combating cancer and is being put to use in other applications that may reduce pollution, energy consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, and help prevent diseases. NCI's Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer is working to ensure that nanotechnologies for cancer applications are developed responsibly. As with any new technology, the safety of nanotechnology is continuously being tested. The small size, high reactivity, and unique tensile and magnetic properties of nanomaterials—the same properties that drive interest in their biomedical and industrial applications—have raised concerns about implications for the environment, health, and safety (EHS).
- Risk Assessment and Management
- Environmental Impact of Nanotechnology
- Regulation of Nanotechnology
- Societal Impact of Nanotechnology
Tissue engineering is the use of a grouping of cells, engineering and materials methods, and appropriate biochemical and physicochemical factors to increase or replace biological tissues. Tissue engineering includes the use of a scaffold for the creation of innovative viable tissue for a medical determination. While it was once characterized as a sub-field of biomaterials, having developed in scope and importance and it can be considered as a field in its own.
- Tissue Engineering
- Applications of Nanotechnology in Stem Cell Research
- Nano biotechnology: From Stem Cell, Tissue Engineering to Cancer Research
- Regulation on Advanced Therapy Medicinal Products/ Tissue Engineering
Nanotechnology applications are being researched currently, tested and in some cases already applied across the entire scope of food technology, from agriculture to food processing, packaging and food supple.
- Nanotechnology In Food Microbiology
- Nanotechnology for Controlled Release
- Potential for Regulatory Control
- Regulatory Approaches to Nanotechnology in Food Industry
Development of Nanotechnology and creating of Nanomaterials opened new perspectives for a number of areas of industry. These materials explain enlarged strength, toughness, biocompatibility, and can ensure higher service properties, reliability and systems
- Mechanics of Nanomaterials
- Microstructure-based Models and Dislocation Analysis
- Multiscale Modelling for the Materials Improvement and Design
- Software for Modelling of Nano Materials
Nanocomposite is a multiphase solid material where one of the phases has one, two or three dimensions of less than 100 nanometers (nm), or structures having nano-scale repeat distances between the different phases that make up the material. In the broadest sense this definition can include porous media, colloids, gels and copolymers, but is more usually taken to mean the solid combination of a bulk matrix and nano-dimensional phases differing in properties due to dissimilarities in structure and chemistry. The mechanical, electrical, thermal, optical, electrochemical, catalytic properties of the nanocomposite will differ markedly from that of the component materials. Size limits for these effects have been proposed, <5 nm for catalytic activity, <20 nm for making a hard magnetic material soft, <50 nm for refractive index changes, and <100 nm for achieving super paramagnetism, mechanical strengthening or restricting matrix dislocation movement.
Nanoengineering is the practice of engineering on the nanoscale. It derives its name from the nanometre, a unit of measurement equalling one billionth of a meter. Nanoengineering is largely a synonym for nanotechnology, but emphasizes the engineering rather than the pure science aspects of the field.
- Carbon nano structures and devices
- Biomimetic materials
- Coatings, surfaces and membranes
- Computational materials science
Material science assumes a significant job in metallurgy as well. It is a term covering a wide scope of manners by which materials or segments are produced using . They can stay away from, or extraordinarily decrease, the need to utilize metal evacuation forms and can lessen the expenses. Pyro metallurgy incorporates of minerals and metallurgical metals and thinks to achieve physical and concoction changes in the materials to empower recuperation of important metals. A total information on can assist us with extracting the metal in a progressively plausible manner and can used to a more extensive territory.
- Modeling and simulation
- Corrosion and protection
- Surface phenomena
- Light metals
- Iron-Carbon alloys
- Environmental protection
- Iron, cast iron and steelmaking
Polymer Technology is one of the most predominant zone of existing examination as it incorporates the investigation and use of nanoscience to polymer-nanoparticle lattices, where nanoparticles are those with in any event in measurement of under 100 nm. Polymer nanotechnology accentuations on polymer based biomaterials, self-gathered polymeric movies, nanofabrication of polymers, polymer mixes and nanocomposites. Polymer framework based nanocomposites comprise of polymer or copolymer having nanoparticles scattered in the network. Silicon Nano circles is the widely known Nano polymer which shows discrete highlights and harder than silicon. Going before the time of nanotechnology stage, polymer mixes, square copolymer area as often as possible achieves Nano scale sizes. Nano-sized silica particles, zeolites and nanoparticle fillers has controlled the extension of items with improved properties, for example, warm steadiness and conductivity, synthetic obstruction and rigidity.. A portion of the normal and engineered polymers are collagen, compounds, elastin, cellulose, chitin, plastics, filaments and cements.
- Nanotechnology in Polymers
- Conjugated-Controlled Compound
- Polymer photochemistry